This Glossary is intended to assist amateur and professional IT consultants to better understand the concepts all related to Business Transformation. The definitions represent the meanings understood and shared by the majority of the Business Process, Enterprise Architecture and Digital Transformation community.
ADM: Architecture Development Method forms the core of TOGAF. It is a reliable, proven method for developing an IT architecture that meets the business needs of an organization, utilizing the other elements of TOGAF described in this document, and other architectural assets available to the organization.
Architecture: The fundamental concepts or properties of a system in its environment embodied in its elements, relationships, and in the principles of its design and evolution.
Architecture Change Management Phase Goal: Capacity to ensure that the architecture achieves its original target business value.
Architecture Content Framework: Informs on what content to produce at what phase of the ADM cycle and gives a model to structure those Architecture Deliverables.
Architecture Framework: A conceptual structure used to plan, develop, implement, govern, and sustain an architecture.
Architecture Model: A visual representation of a subject of interest.
Banking Industry Architecture Network: BIAN is an architectural framework for banking interoperability issues with the goal to define operability and semantic definitions for IT services in the banking industry.
Baseline Architecture: Is the “As-Is” or “current” architecture; includes architecture assets from all architecture domains.
Big Data: Field that treats ways to analyze, systematically extract information from, or otherwise deal with data sets that are too large or complex to be dealt with by traditional data-processing application software.
Building block: A component of enterprise capability that can be combined with other building blocks to deliver architectures and solutions.
Business Actor: Is a business entity that can performe a behavior.
Business Architecture Phase Goal: Is to develop the Target Business Architecture.
Business Function: Collection of business behavior based on a chosen set of criteria.
Business Process: Sequence of business behaviors that achieves a specific outcome.
Business Role: Is the responsibility for performing specific behavior, to which an actor can be assigned.
Business Services: Is an explicitly defined exposed business behavior.
Cloud Computing: On-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet.
Deliverable: A work product that is contractually specified and formally reviewed, agreed, and signed off by the stakeholders.
Disruptive Technology: Refers to a new technology that surprisingly displaces an already established one.
Enterprise Architecture Framework: Describes a set of architectural views that allow us to display the flow of information or materials graphically and textually through an organization. We commonly call to this set of views as “an Architecture”.
Enterprise Continuum: View of the repository of all the architecture assets.
Enterprise: The highest level (typically) of description of an organization and typically covers all missions and functions. An enterprise will often span multiple organizations.
Implementation Governance Phase: Is about bringing together all the information for successful management of the various implementation projects.
Industry 4.0: Represents the fourth industrial revolution on the way to an Internet of Things, Data and Services.
Information Systems Architecture Phase Goal: Develop the Target Information Systems (Data and Application) Architecture.
Information Technology (IT): The lifecycle management of information and related technology used by an organization.
Internet of Things (IoT): Is the extension of Internet connectivity into physical devices and everyday objects. Embedded with electronics, Internet connectivity, and other forms of hardware (such as sensors), these devices can communicate and interact with others over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.
Modelling: A technique through construction of models which enables a subject to be represented in a form that enables reasoning, insight, and clarity concerning the essence of the subject matter.
Opportunities & Solutions Phase: Is about generating the initial complete version of the Architecture Roadmap, based upon the gap analysis and candidate Architecture Roadmap components from Phases B, C, and D.
Preliminary Phase: Is about defining “where, what, why, who, and how we do architecture” in the enterprise concerned.
TAFIM: Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management a reference model for enterprise architecture by and for the United States Department of Defense.
Target Architecture: It is the “To-Be” or “must be” architecture; it includes the redesigned, optimized and automated assets of the architecture of the process(es) that make it up.
Technology Architecture Phase: Is about developing the Target Data Architecture that enables the Business Architecture and the Architecture Vision, while addressing the Request for Architecture Work and stakeholder concerns.
TOGAF Enterprise Architecture Framework: The Open Group Architecture Framework based in a development tool for step-by-step architecture implementation. Focuses on Enterprise Continuum with Architecture Development Method (ADM).
Zachman Enterprise Architecture Framework: Is a comprehensive document that describes everything an organization does in exhaustive detail, based in a table with a set of rules in a matrix with 36 cells where the rows represent different “player perspectives” and the columns represent “technical perspectives”.